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<< Our Photo Pages >> Callanish 2 - Stone Circle in Scotland in Isle of Lewis
Submitted by Gerald_Ponting on Wednesday, 25 September 2002 Page Views: 22310
Site Name: Callanish 2 Alternative Name: Cnoc Ceann a'Gharraidh|
Country: Scotland County: Isle of Lewis Type: Stone Circle
Nearest Town: Stornoway Nearest Village: Callanish
Map Ref: NB222326 Landranger Map Number: 8
Latitude: 58.194407N Longitude: 6.729354W
|3||Reasonable but with some damage|
|2||Ruined but still recognisable as an ancient site|
|1||Pretty much destroyed, possibly visible as crop marks|
|5||Can be driven to, probably with disabled access|
|4||Short walk on a footpath|
|3||Requiring a bit more of a walk|
|2||A long walk|
|1||In the middle of nowhere, a nightmare to find|
|5||co-ordinates taken by GPS or official recorded co-ordinates|
|4||co-ordinates scaled from a detailed map|
|3||co-ordinates scaled from a bad map|
|2||co-ordinates of the nearest village|
|1||co-ordinates of the nearest town|
External Links: callanish 2 submitted by jayney
Stone Circle in Lewis. Five stones stand erect at this site, ranging in height from 6' 6" to 10' 9".
All records of the site since the earliest in 1846 agree concerning these five stones, but they differ about other features of the site. Five published plans exist and there are at least six others in various archives. Several authors give measurements o-f stones and descriptions oft the site. Ellice gave a first-hand, but rather inadequate, account of the 1858 peat clearance. In the same year, Stuart published a paper with a plan of the site and notes on a particular stone. From all these documentary sources, the following notes have been compiled.
Before the peat. was cleared, the five erect stones were the only visible features at the site. The tallet was then only 7' 3" tall, so it is clear that around three feet of peat was stripped away. Within the circle and under the peat, additional short and prone stones were found. According to Ellice, the whole of the floor inside the circle was "causewayed". Presumably this meant paved or cobbled.
Five small holes were found, lined with smooth round seashore pebbles. One account says that all of these were four inches square, but Sharbau. usuallv a reliable source, gives a measurement of 12" by 20" -for the largest. Fragments of woad charcoal were found within the holes. They wer'e variously called altars,
fireplaces or wells! Aubrey Burl probably came nearesr the mark when he suqgested that they may have been post-holes; parhaps evidence that some kind of wooden structure once stood within the circles.
These holes are now filled in and almost impossible to distlnguish. Sometimes they can be seen as slight depressions, but only in the winter months when there is little vegetation to hide them.
Standing in front of stone 1 was another shorter stone, number 9, which fell sometime betwpen 1860 and 1904. It was last shown on a plan drawn in 1914, but even then it was prone. Stones 1 and 9 formed the "north group" which was drawn by an anonymous artist in 1860. It is. not certain if the flat. almost buried, stone to be seen near stone 1 today is stone 9 or a remnant of it.
A cairn was situated near the centre of the circle, but its position varies so much in plans and descriptions from 1953 to 1914 that. one wonders if the stones of the cairn were periodically moved a.round by treasure hunters! Although the cairn is still visible today, most of the stones have now been dispersed.
In 1857, Palmer showed an outlying stone, number II on our plan. It cannot be seen today. Perhaps it has been covered by new turf growth. Certainly this process has encroached on the three slabs lying in the north-west arc of the ring. Only two of these are visible today. The other is covered by turf.
Stuart's paper claimed that stone 10 had marks, possibly in Ogham script. Even the experts of those days doubted this. Today it seems obvious that the "script" consisted solely of natural cracks in the stone. However, the stone was "removed to Stornoway" for its protection !
We undertook an intensive search for information about the stone, and eventually found the most likely explanation of what happened. Sir James Matheson had the stone erected opposite Creed Lodge gates, then the main entrance to the grounds of his residence Lews Castle. It remained standing there for about 60 years. In 1919, while the walls of the Castle Grounds were being repaired after wartime neglect, the stone was partially broken up for building material. The workmen concerned were severely reprimanded for this action. Perhaps the boulder which still lies by the roadside here, shown in the photograph, is the remains of this megalith.
According to the plan drawn by Ron Curtis, the two axes of the ellipse formed by the stones at site II were 26 Megalithic Yards long and 22 MY long, respectively. He points out that Site XI is almost due north -from site II, producing a line parallel with the line -from IV to X.
Margaret Ponting and I consider that the major axis alignment o-f 170.5 degrees represents a symbolic indication of the southerly extreme moonrise, similar to the situation found also at the other ring sites.
We suggested three inter-site lines with possible astronomical significance.
Site VI would have been silhouetted against the rising moon at the southern extreme of the minor standstill. Site X would have been very conspicuous on the horizon from this point when the stones were erect. Cnoc a Phrionnsa. while not on the horizon, may have been clearly visible when the cairn was complete, especiliy if it was faced with white quarts. At the northern extreme of the major standstill, the
moon would have risen over site X and set over Phrionnsa, as seen from II.
ACCESS: Leave Callanish on the road towards Stornoway. Take a minor road to the right before the road rises up towards Callanish III. The road is not signposted but there is a large boulder on the corner. At the end of this road (500m), walk through a gate and take a footpath 100m across a field. A second gate gives access to the site. Be sure to close both gates
Text taken from "The Stones around Callanish" by Gerald Ponting and Margaret Ponting (now Margaret Curtis).
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Callanish 2 submitted by wallace
A near infra red image
Callanish 2 submitted by wallace
A near infra red monochrome
Callanish 2 submitted by chrispy
Callannish 2 sunset June 2009
Callanish 2 submitted by JJ
Callanish 2 submitted by JJ
Callanish 2 submitted by steveco
Callanish 2 (Cnoc Ceann) Stone Circle NB222326.
One of the other circles of the Callanish complex.
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Nearby sites listing. In the following links * = Image available
100m S 172° Loch Roag Timber Circle (NB222325)
315m E 78° Callanish 3* Stone Circle (NB225327)
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1.7km NW 313° Callanish 13 Stone Circle (NB215341)
2.2km NW 334° Olcote Kerbed Cairn Cairn (NB21803475)
2.3km SE 140° Callanish 4* Stone Circle (NB230304)
2.5km NW 325° Callanish 12* Standing Stone (Menhir) (NB215350)
2.6km SE 136° Callanish 7* Ancient Village or Settlement (NB232302)
2.9km SE 135° Callanish 5* Stone Row / Alignment (NB234299)
3.0km N 352° Callanish 11 Standing Stone (Menhir) (NB222356)
3.1km NW 319° Cnoc a Phrionnsa* Chambered Cairn (NB211355)
3.1km SE 139° Callanish 9* Standing Stones (NB233297)
3.4km SE 113° Callanish 6* Stone Circle (NB247303)
4.0km SE 125° Callanish 18 Standing Stone (Menhir) (NB244292)
4.9km W 281° Callanish 15 Standing Stone (Menhir) (NB177346)
5.7km W 277° Dun Barraglom Broch or Nuraghe (NB16773435)
5.7km W 277° Barraglom Cup-Marked Rock Rock Art (NB167343)
5.8km W 275° Callanish 8A Standing Stone (Menhir) (NB165340)
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