<< Our Photo Pages >> Kleinenkneter Steine 2 - Passage Grave in Germany in Lower Saxony, Bremen

Submitted by Martin_L on Friday, 19 June 2009  Page Views: 5719

Neolithic and Bronze AgeSite Name: Kleinenkneter Steine 2 Alternative Name: Große Steine II, Sprockhoff 958
Country: Germany Land: Lower Saxony, Bremen Type: Passage Grave
Nearest Town: Wildeshausen  Nearest Village: Kleinenkneten
Latitude: 52.862790N  Longitude: 8.437221E
Condition:
5Perfect
4Almost Perfect
3Reasonable but with some damage
2Ruined but still recognisable as an ancient site
1Pretty much destroyed, possibly visible as crop marks
0No data.
-1Completely destroyed
3 Ambience:
5Superb
4Good
3Ordinary
2Not Good
1Awful
0No data.
4 Access:
5Can be driven to, probably with disabled access
4Short walk on a footpath
3Requiring a bit more of a walk
2A long walk
1In the middle of nowhere, a nightmare to find
0No data.
3 Accuracy:
5co-ordinates taken by GPS or official recorded co-ordinates
4co-ordinates scaled from a detailed map
3co-ordinates scaled from a bad map
2co-ordinates of the nearest village
1co-ordinates of the nearest town
0no data
4

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I have visited· I would like to visit

CharcoalBurner89 visited on 18th Oct 2021 - their rating: Cond: 3 Amb: 4 Access: 4 The second megalithic grave is the first to pass on the way to the first. Confused me at first. But incredibly large grave complex!

Harald_Platta visited on 14th Dec 2017 - their rating: Cond: 3 Amb: 4 Access: 4

johnstone visited on 5th Sep 2017 - their rating: Cond: 3 Amb: 4 Access: 4

SolarMegalith visited on 1st Aug 2004 - their rating: Cond: 4 Amb: 4 Access: 4

likecats visited - their rating: Cond: 4 Amb: 5 Access: 4

fornjotr DrewParsons Martin_L have visited here

Average ratings for this site from all visit loggers: Condition: 3.4 Ambience: 4.2 Access: 4

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Overview from the West showing rectangular enclosure and the three passage grave chambers in a row. The passage of the westernmost chamber is marked "P' ". The passages of the two other chambers face to the opposite site. March 2010 (Vote or comment on this photo)
Unique funnel-beaker site consisting of three passage-graves within a kerbed long-barrow near Wildeshausen in Lower Saxony.

This site is rather exceptional. Among the several thousand neolithic funnel-beaker sites in Northern Europe (esp. Denmark, Germany, Poland, Sweden, Netherlands) it is the only site where there are three passage-graves within a long-barrow enclosure. The only similar neolithic long-barrow is situated near Emmen (D43 Langgraf Emmen Schimmeres) in Drenthe, Netherlands and contains two passage-graves. Of course there are a few funnel-beaker sites, where megalithic long-barrows contain two, three or even four chambers, but in all these cases these tombs are 1- or 2 capstone chambers (dolmen or extended dolmen) not larger chambers as in this two cases. The site was excavated in 1934 and some restoration took place.
Remark: All numberings used in the following descriptions start in the West.

Enclosure:
The nearly completely preserved enclosure is orientated approximately SW-NE and measures 34 x 8m. At least 55 kerbstones are almost in situ. As usual the largest kerbstones are placed at the narrow sides. The long sides' width varies between 6m near the centre and 8m near both ends. The narrow sides probably are/were slightly rounded. Nevertheless the enclosure nowadays appears to be nearly rectangular (although this seems be a result of the partly reconstruction). Professor Sprockhoff assumed, that first there just were two passage graves (Passage grave 1 and 3) each with their own oval enclosure. Passage-grave 2 was built later between them and a joint enclosure was established.

Earthwork/Barrow:
Barrows' earthwork is largely removed.

Passage-grave 1:
Rectangular chamber built of 14 orthostats (1 on each narrow side, 6 one each long side), clear size approximately 8m x 1,8m. Lateral passage between orthostat NW3 and NW4, length 2,5m, built of 1 pair of orthostats and the adjacent pair of enclosure kerbstones. The chamber has 4 capstones. Capstone 2 was already blown into pieces, but the remaining fragments were reassembled.

Passage-grave 2:
Slightly trapezoid chamber built of 14 orthostats (1 on each narrow side, 6 one each long side), clear size approximately 5m x 1,5m. Lateral passage to the SE, length 3m, built of 2 pairs of orthostats between chamber-orthostats SE3 and SE4. Nowadays all 6 chamber-capstones are in situ, but this is a result of the reconstruction. When Sprockhoff et al. examined the site in the 1920s all capstones of this chamber were missing. Under excavation lots of grave goods were found in this chamber as it was less robbed than the other chambers.

Passage-grave 3:
Rectangular chamber built of 14 orthostats (1 on each narrow side, 6 one each long side), clear size approximately 7m x 1,8m. Lateral passage situated in the middle of the south-eastern long side, length 2,5m, built of 1 pair of orthostats and the adjacent pair of enclosure kerbstones. Only the impressive chamber-capstone 1 is preserved in situ, the other 5 capstones and the passage-capstone(s) are missing.

Remarks:
May 2009: During visit in May 2009 the site unfortunately was somewhat neglected and urgently needed some gardening. Several small trees were growing inside the enclosure and the chambers. Although the opening ceremony for the recently established “Strasse der Megalithkultur” (“Road of megalithic culture” a signposted road leading along several sites in the western part of Lower-Saxony) was held at this an the neighbouring site there obviously was not enough money to care for it
May 2010: Thanks to members of the local archaeological association "Förderverein Urgeschichtliches Zentrum Wildeshausen (UZW)" the site was perfectly gardened in 2010.

(Site description submitted by Martin_L , June 2009, update 2010, 2012)


References:
[1] Sprockhoff in: Körner, G. (Ed.), Sprockhoff, E. Atlas der Megalithgräber Deutschlands, Niedersachsen-Westfalen, Rudolf Habelt Verlag GmbH, Bonn 1975, p. 65
[2] Rothmann, B. - www.steinzeugen.de (Excellent website covering megalithic tombs and barrows in the „Naturpark Wildeshauser Geest“, “Emsland” and other nearby regions)


RunaStera wrote in 2005:
An irregeluar shaped enclosure, 34m in length and 6 to 8m wide surrounding 3 burrial chambers. The stones of the middle chamber are proportionally smaller than those of the other two. Kleinenkneter Steine II, as well as Kleinenkneter Steine I, were excavated between 1934 and 1939. Over 10,000 pieces of pottery, some stone axes, amber beads and a small copper disc were found. This very impressive site (I made about 80 photos ;-) is located 4km south of the city of Wildeshausen in the county of Oldenburg (OL): 52° 51.77' N 008° 26.23' E


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Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Inside the chamber of Passage-grave 3. View towards south-west. The entrance is located between first and second orthostat on the left (South-East). March 2010 (7 comments - Vote or comment on this photo)

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : South-western end of Passage-grave 3. All chamber orthostats are preserved in situ, but only two capstones survived the historic blasting attempts. April 2010 (1 comment - Vote or comment on this photo)

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Overview of the westernmost part of the enclosure and Passage-Grave 1. Clear length of this chamber is approximately 8m. Capstone 2 was blown to pieces, the two remaining fragments were rearranged when the site was partly restored. The "P" marks the passage. March 2010. (Vote or comment on this photo)

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Overview of passage-grave 3 and central and northeastern parts of the enclosure. The passage of chamber 3 is marked P'''. The passage of the central chamber 2 is visible in the background and marked P''. March 2010 (Vote or comment on this photo)

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Easternmost part of the westernmost passage-grave. The site was somewhat ovegrown in May 2009.

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by CharcoalBurner89 : October 18, 2021 (2 comments)

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Passage grave 2 viewed from the NE. It has a slightly trapezoid chamber built of 14 orthostats (1 on each narrow side, 6 one each long side), clear size approximately 5m x 1,5m. Lateral passage to the SE, length 3m, built of 2 pairs of orthostats between chamber-orthostats SE3 and SE4. Nowadays all 6 chamber-capstones are in situ, but this is a result of the reconstruction. When Sprockhoff et al...

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Inside passage-grave 3 looking south-west through a gap (dry-walling robbed) between orthostats and the westernmost capstone towards passage grave 2. May 2009

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by DrewParsons : September 2009

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by DrewParsons

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Overview from a height of approximately 3,5m. Standing beside the south-western narrow-side of the enclosure. Three passage graves in a row. Photo taken in May 2009. The site needs some gardening.

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Looking along the chambers. Foreground: Passage-grave 3. Centre: the only remaining capstone of chamber 3. Viewed from the East. April 2008

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Passage-grave 1 viewed from the NE. The rectangular chamber is built of 14 orthostats (1 on each narrow side, 6 one each long side), clear size approximately 8m x 1,8m. Lateral passage between orthostat NW3 and NW4, length 2,5m, built of 1 pair of orthostats and the adjacent pair of enclosure kerbstones (centre right in this photo). The chamber has 4 capstones. Capstone 2 was already blown into ...

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Large kerbstones at long-barrows' SW narrow side. March 2012

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Passage-grave 3 viewed from the SW. Rectangular chamber built of 14 orthostats (1 on each narrow side, 6 one each long side), clear size approximately 7m x 1,8m. Lateral passage situated in the middle of the south-eastern long side, length 2,5m, built of 1 pair of orthostats and the adjacent pair of enclosure kerbstones. Only the impressive chamber-capstone 1 is preserved in situ, the other 5 c... (2 comments)

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Passage-grave 1 slightly overgrown in May 2009. Entrance and passage at pictures' center. Foreground and background showing several kerbstones of the almost completely removed barrow.

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by DrewParsons : September 2009

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Looking along the chambers. Foreground passage-grave 1. Viewed from the West. April 2008

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by RunaStera : Entrance of chamber 3

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by holger_rix : Kleinenkneter Steine 2 10-2011

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by holger_rix

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Lateral passage of Passage-grave 3. Situated in the middle of the south-eastern long side, length 2,5m, built of 1 pair of orthostats and the adjacent pair of enclosure kerbstones. Passage-grave 3 is a rectangular chamber built of 14 orthostats (1 on each narrow side, 6 one each long side), clear size approximately 7m x 1,8m. Only the impressive chamber-capstone 1 is preserved in situ, the othe...

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : South-western half of passage-grave 3. Only one impressive capstone remained. The orthostats are in situ. April 2008

Kleinenkneter Steine 2
Kleinenkneter Steine 2 submitted by Martin_L : Passage-grave 1 viewed from the NE. April 2008

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