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Hawk Stone

Standing Stone, Oxfordshire

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View High Res ImagesPhoto Celia Haddon

OS Map: OL45
The Cotswolds
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OS Map ref: SP339235 View local map for SP339235
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Deep in a field of rape seed. This is a suberb standing stone and one which I [PB] think has a lot more occult history known of it than described here. It is first illustrated and named on a local map of the region in 1743 CE, and has fortunately managed to escape the intense agricultural ravages endemic to this part of the country. This impressive weather-worn eight-foot tall standing stone stands aloft in the centre of a field due west of the road between Chalford Green and Dean.

In local folklore and some earlier archaeologists, the Hawk Stone formed an integral part of a stone circle here, but there is little known evidence to substantiate this. In Thorn Graves' (1980) dowsing experiments at the Rollright circle, he found what he described as an 'overground' linking the Circle to the Hawk Stone, but no other connecting sites are known along this line. Interestingly one legend surrounding the monolith tells how this monolith was thrown, or dragged, across the land by a old witch or hag, though we are not told from where- a motif found in connection with spirit lines across the country.

In Corbett's History of Spelsbury (1962) the author some of the folklore spoken of our holed Hawk Stone by one Mr Caleb Lainchbury who "said the cleft at the top of the Hawk Stone at Dean was supposed to of been made by the chains of the witches who were tied to it and burnt. As witches seem to have been extremely rare in Oxfordshire it cannot have been a very common practise to burn them at Dean; but there may indeed have been some kind of fire ceremonies near the stone. In name, Hawk stone may come from a fancied resemblence to a Hawk, or because there very often are hawks hovering over those upland fields: or it may simply be a corruption of 'Hoar' meaning old.

In pagan Celtic Britain hawks played a not inconsiderable part in their shamanic lore and,according to Ross [1967] were "malevolent birds". This evidently important and visually impressive monolith plays a substantial part in an incredibly precise alignment (ley) running roughly east-west across the landscape. At first I [TW] thought it to have gone unnoticed but later we later found a reference to the same alignment in an early copy of The Ley Hunter [Cooper 1979]. It links up with other important megalithic sites, such as the Hoar Stones at Enstone, Buswell's thicket, and the ancient Sarsden Cross . To all lovers of megalithic sites, we highly recommend a visit here!

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Text from The Old Stones of Rollright and District by Paul Bennett & Tom Wilson

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