<< Our Photo Pages >> Baignon dolmens - Burial Chamber or Dolmen in France in Centre:Eure-et-Loire (28)

Submitted by TheCaptain on Wednesday, 14 March 2012  Page Views: 7440

Neolithic and Bronze AgeSite Name: Baignon dolmens Alternative Name: dolmens du Baignon
Country: France Département: Centre:Eure-et-Loire (28) Type: Burial Chamber or Dolmen
Nearest Town: Chateaudun  Nearest Village: St-Maur-sur-le-Loir
Latitude: 48.150000N  Longitude: 1.408000E
Condition:
5Perfect
4Almost Perfect
3Reasonable but with some damage
2Ruined but still recognisable as an ancient site
1Pretty much destroyed, possibly visible as crop marks
0No data.
-1Completely destroyed
3 Ambience:
5Superb
4Good
3Ordinary
2Not Good
1Awful
0No data.
3 Access:
5Can be driven to, probably with disabled access
4Short walk on a footpath
3Requiring a bit more of a walk
2A long walk
1In the middle of nowhere, a nightmare to find
0No data.
4 Accuracy:
5co-ordinates taken by GPS or official recorded co-ordinates
4co-ordinates scaled from a detailed map
3co-ordinates scaled from a bad map
2co-ordinates of the nearest village
1co-ordinates of the nearest town
0no data
4

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TheCaptain visited on 8th Aug 2005 - their rating: Cond: 3 Amb: 3 Access: 4 To the south of the lovely old walled and moated town of Bonneval, along the D.144 road, can be found the dolmens du Baignon. Remains of at least 5 dolmens can be found in a field beside the river near to Memillon Chateau in the commune of St-Maur-sur-le-Loir. I have numbered the 5 dolmens in the order in which I visited them, which was roughly in an east to west direction.

Baignon dolmens (3)
Baignon dolmens (3) submitted by theCaptain : Baignon 3 reveals remains of an Angevin dolmen with a rectangular chamber with its entrance porchway at the southeast. Many side stones and the broken capstone still remain in place, although the back end has collapsed. (Vote or comment on this photo)
To the south of the lovely old walled and moated town of Bonneval, along the D.144 road, can be found the dolmens du Baignon. Remains of at least 5 dolmens can be found in a field beside the river near to Memillon Chateau in the commune of St-Maur-sur-le-Loir.

Taken from "MEMOIRES ET DISSERTATIONS SUR LES ANTIQUITES NATIONALES ET ÉTRANGÈRES" by "LA SOCIÉTÉ ROYALE DES ANTIOUAIRES DE FRANCE" TOME PREMIER, PARIS FR IG FOURNIER LIBRAIRE RUÉ POUPÉE no 7 MDCCCXVII (1817)

Je poursuis mon chemin jusque vers Saint Maur, petite paroisse située à une lieue de Bonneval, au pied de la côte, dans un de ces sites pittoresques qui se rencontrent assez fréquemment sur les bords du Loir. Elle paraît assez ancienne on vient en pélerinage à son église, pour obtenir du saint, sous l’invocation duquel elle est bâtie la guérison de quelques maladies.

Environ à un demi quart de lieue avant d entrer dans le village, au bas de la colline, en face d une ferme appelée le Baignon dans une pâture à peu près inculte et entourée de fossés et de haies, j’aperçois un de ces sanctuaires fameux qui, sans doute, jouissait autrefois d une grande reputation. Il est remarquable par quatre monumens celtiques bien characterises; le temps ne les a encore que faiblement degrades. Le chemin par lequel on y arrive, au nord, et qui passe derrière les murs de la garenne du ci devant couvent de l abbaye de Bonneval, est bordé d une grande quantité de grosses pierres dont le nombre augmente en arrivant vers ce lieu sacré, comme si les Celtes avaient voulu, par là, annoncer avec quel respect et quelle vénération on devait approcher de cette enceinte redoutable qu ils avaient consacrée à leurs sacrifices et à leurs oblations, et dans laquelle, peut être leur tribunal suprême rendait la justice.

On y voit d abord une pierre fichée ou peulvan: sa forme et sa position actuelle indiquent qu elle a été renversée par quelque événement particulier. Voici ses dimensions: longueur 16 pieds; largeur vers la base 6 pieds; vers le milieu 4 pieds; épaisseur au moins 2 pieds; Elle se termine à peu près en cône.

Plus loin est un dolmen circulaire dont la table est horizontale; il était, sans doute, destiné aux offrandes et oblations des Celtes dans leurs cérémonies religieuses. Il est formé de deux pierres, dont l une se penche aujourd’hui vers le centre du monument, parce que les appuis qui la soutenaient ayant été deranges, j’ignore par quelle cause, l’équilibre s est trouvé rompu.

L’autre partie qui est en l air, est soutenue sur les angles de trois pierres fichées en terre qui la tiennent ainsi en équilibre. Une quatrième, dont la posi tion tendait au même but, et qui n’y touche pas parce qu elle se trouve un peu plus basse d environ deux pouces, ainsi que d autres qui se trouvent à côté, annonce qu elles étaient destinées à former l enceinte de la grotte qu elles décrivent; elle se trouve élevée à trois pieds et demi du niveau du sol.

Longueur de la partie nord 9 pieds; largeur 5 pieds et demi; épaisseur environ 2 pieds. Longueur de la partie sud 10 pieds; largeur 6 pieds; épaisseur environ 2 pieds. Ainsi donc cet autel offrait une surface de dix à onze pieds de diameter.

On voit encore un autre monument qui était sans contredit un berceau ou autel destiné aux sacrifices des animaux; il est formé de deux plans inclinés en regard; l’un est une pierre d une énorme pesanteur, qui a la forme d’un parallélogramme rec tangle assez régulier; elle se trouve couchée sur le côté de sa plus grande dimension relevée, mais par deux espèces de bornes à trois pieds et demi de terre.

Longueur de cette pierre 12 pieds; largeur égale 8 pieds; épaisseur égale 2 pieds et demi. L’autre pierre soutenue également par deux bornes à une hauteur d environ quatre pieds, se trouvant trop petite par rapport à la précédente avait été ralongée à ses deux extrémités par des morceaux qui, n’étant que faiblement dérangés de leur position première, sont toujours restés à leur place.

Longueur de cette pierre 7 pieds et demi; largeur 6 pieds et demi; épaisseur environ 2 pieds.

Cette espèce de monument que l on ne rencontre que dans les lieux où les Celtes avaient établi des sanctuaires destinés à leurs grandes réunions dans les cérémonies de leur culte, ne servait probablement que dans les grands sacrifices, sa forme donnant à leurs prêtres des facilités pour égorger les victims.

Enfin le quatrième monument est un dolmen circulaire, jadis formé d’une seule pierre d’une pesanteur extraordinaire, puisqu elle avait dans un sens 13 et dans l’autre à peu près 11 pieds de diameter; mais aujourd hui elle se trouve brisée par la moitié. Une partie est encore suspendue en l’air et posée en équilibre sur la pointe de trois bornes: une quatrième plantée dans le même cercle n était là que pour faire partie de l’enceinte. L’autre portion qui se trouve aujourd hui déversée en dedans, fut, dans sa chute, cassée à peu près aux deux tiers de sa longueur: un éclat même qui se forma à l un des angles extérieurs de cette fracture, est encore sur la place. Chaque morceau de cette énorme pierre offer, par les angles saillans et rentrans, des preuves irrécusables que c’était un seul bloc qui ne se trouve monté au dessus du sol qu’à un pied et demi. Pourtant il faut observer qu’il est placé sur une petite éminence.

Longueur de la partie soutenue en l air 10 pieds et demi; largeur 6 pieds et demi épaisseur 2 pieds Longueur de la partie déversée 10 pieds et demi largeur 6 pieds et demi; épaisseur 2 pieds. Quinze grosses pierres entourent ce monument; et à diverses distances peu éloignées, on en trouve plusieurs autres, groupées sur quelques points éminens.

Les Celtes, dans leurs sacrifices avaient l’habitude de brûler leurs victims. Cet autel pourrait avoir été consacré à cet usage, et l’action du feu serait alors la seule cause de la fracture de la pierre qui en formait la table, et qui, ne se trouvant pas sur tous les points, dans un équilibre parfait, fut contrainte de se déverser du côté le moins soutenu; du moins l’état actuel du monument inspire cette opinion.


Note: Details and pictures now in of the remains of these five (or is it only 4) dolmens in a pasture beside the river Loir.
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Baignon dolmens (3)
Baignon dolmens (3) submitted by theCaptain : Baignon 3 reveals remains of an Angevin dolmen with a rectangular chamber with its entrance porchway at the southeast. Many side stones and the broken capstone still remain in place, although the back end has collapsed. (Vote or comment on this photo)

Baignon dolmens (3)
Baignon dolmens (3) submitted by theCaptain (Vote or comment on this photo)

Baignon dolmens (3)
Baignon dolmens (3) submitted by theCaptain (Vote or comment on this photo)

Baignon dolmens (1)
Baignon dolmens (1) submitted by theCaptain : Baignon 1 is all a bit overgrown, in some wasteland at the corner of the field by a little fishing lake. (Vote or comment on this photo)

Baignon dolmens (4)
Baignon dolmens (4) submitted by theCaptain : Baignon 4 really is no more than a small heap of stones in the middle of a field. Actually, there is one stone still standing, but that’s it. Its all a nice puddingstone though, so it does have its good points.

Baignon dolmens (4)
Baignon dolmens (4) submitted by theCaptain (1 comment)

Baignon dolmens (4)
Baignon dolmens (4) submitted by theCaptain (1 comment)

Baignon dolmens (5)
Baignon dolmens (5) submitted by theCaptain : Baignon 5 is a largely unrecogniseable pile of stones in the field. These last two dolmens really are in a bad state, and have been ploughed right up to the edges, with the stones just heaped up into as small an area as possible. (2 comments)

Baignon dolmens (5)
Baignon dolmens (5) submitted by theCaptain

Baignon dolmens (5)
Baignon dolmens (5) submitted by theCaptain (5 comments)

Baignon dolmens (2)
Baignon dolmens (2) submitted by theCaptain : Baignon 2 is in the middle of the cropped field, but which had been recently harvested when I visited in 2005. It is seemingly not much more than a large pile of stones in amongst the nettles and brambles.

Baignon dolmens (2)
Baignon dolmens (2) submitted by theCaptain

Baignon dolmens (2)
Baignon dolmens (2) submitted by theCaptain

Baignon dolmens (2)
Baignon dolmens (2) submitted by theCaptain

Baignon dolmens (1)
Baignon dolmens (1) submitted by theCaptain : Baignon 1 is all a bit overgrown, in some wasteland at the corner of the field by a little fishing lake.

Baignon dolmens (1)
Baignon dolmens (1) submitted by theCaptain

Baignon dolmens (1)
Baignon dolmens (1) submitted by theCaptain

Baignon dolmens (3)
Baignon dolmens (3) submitted by gaellekonak : One of the 4 (or more?) Dolmens near the village St-Maur-sur-Loir (28).

Baignon dolmens (3)
Baignon dolmens (3) submitted by gaellekonak : One of the 4 (?) dolmens near the village of St-Maur (28).

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 11m S 180° Baignon dolmens (3)* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 158m WSW 249° Baignon dolmens (4)* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 167m WNW 282° Baignon dolmens (5)* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 174m E 101° Baignon dolmens (2)* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 238m E 87° Baignon dolmens (1)* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 5.7km SE 124° Dolmen dit le Puits aux Ladres Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 6.4km NNW 344° Bonneval dolmen Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 6.6km NNW 341° Menhir de l'Ormorice * Standing Stone (Menhir)
 6.8km NNW 341° Menhir Bois de l'Isle Standing Stone (Menhir)
 7.1km NW 324° Pierre de Beaumont* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
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 7.5km NNW 339° Polissoir de la Vieuville* Polissoir
 7.9km NNW 346° Menhir de Montboissier Standing Stone (Menhir)
 8.0km ESE 104° Le Palet de Gargantua (Nottonville)* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 8.6km N 11° Dolmen dit la Pierre Couverclée Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 9.0km NNW 341° Hertubise dolmen Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 9.5km NW 317° Dolmen du Bois Rouy Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 9.8km NNW 341° Dolmen dit Palet de Gargantua (Alluyes)* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 11.3km SE 142° Pierre Couverte de Civry Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 12.2km NE 49° Dolmen dit la Pierre Couverclée* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 12.9km NNW 330° Montemain stone* Polissoir
 15.1km NW 325° Quincampoix Dolmen* Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 15.2km SW 218° Dolmen des Pâtis Burial Chamber or Dolmen
 16.8km SSE 166° Butte des Duauts Chambered Tomb
 17.4km ESE 122° Dolmen dit Pierre Saint-Marc Burial Chamber or Dolmen
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"Baignon dolmens" | Login/Create an Account | 2 News and Comments
  
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Re: Baignon dolmens by TheCaptain on Wednesday, 14 March 2012
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Translated (by Google) into English, that lot reads as follows.

I continue my way up to St. Maur, a small parish situated about three miles from Bonneval, at the foot of the hill, in one of these scenic spots that occur quite frequently on the banks of the Loir. It seems quite old people come on pilgrimage to his church, for the saint, under the invocation of which it is built curing some diseases.
About half a quarter of a mile before entering the village at the bottom of the hill in front of a farm called the Baignon in a pasture about uncultivated and surrounded by ditches and hedges, I saw one of these sanctuaries that famous, probably, once enjoyed a great reputation for. It is remarkable Celtic monuments by four well characterises; time did still only slightly degraded. The way that you do it, north, and passes behind the walls of the warren of it before the convent of Bonneval Abbey, is bordered by a large amount of large stones which are increasing in coming to this sacred place, as if the Celts had wanted, hence, announce with what respect and veneration which we should approach this formidable walls that they had devoted their sacrifices and their offerings, and in which they can be supreme court justice was administered.
1: It shows first of a stone stuck or peulvan: its form and its current position indicates that it was reversed by any particular event. Here are its dimensions: length 16 feet wide at the base 6 feet in the middle 4 feet thick at least 2 feet It ends at about cone
Further dolmen is a circular table is horizontal and it was doubtless intended for offerings and oblations of the Celts in their religious ceremonies. It consists of two stones, one of which looks today toward the center of the monument, because the support that supported it having been disturbed, I do not know for what cause, the equilibrium s is found to be broken.
The other part that is in the air, is supported on the corners of three stones stuck in the ground that hold it in equilibrium. A fourth, whose position tended to the same goal, and do not touch it because she is a little lower to about two inches, as well as others who are next, announced that they were destined to form the walls of the cave that they describe, it is raised to three and a half feet from ground level.
Length of the northern 9 feet wide 5 feet and a half about 2 feet thick. Length of the south 10 feet, 6 feet wide, about 2 feet thick. So this altar offered a surface of ten to eleven feet diameter.
We see yet another monument that was unquestionably a cradle or altar for sacrifices of animals and is formed of two inclined planes facing: one is a stone of enormous weight, which is shaped like a parallelogram rectangle fairly regular, she is lying on the side of greatest dimension raised, but by two kinds of terminals three and a half feet of land.
Length of the stone 12 feet width of 8 feet thickness 2 ½ feet. The other stone is also supported by two terminals at a height of about four feet, being too small compared to the previous one had been ralongée at both ends with pieces that were only weakly disturbed from their original position, are always remained in their place.
Length of this stone 7 ½ feet, breadth 6 feet and a half about 2 feet thick.
This kind of monument that you meet only in places where the Celts established their sanctuaries for large meetings in the ceremonies of their worship, was probably not in that great sacrifice, giving shape to their facilities for priests kill the Victims.
Finally the fourth monument is a circular dolmen, once formed a single stone of a gravity extraordinary, since she was 13 in one direction and the other about 11 feet diameter, but today it is broken by half. Some is still hanging in the air and put in balance on the tips of three terminals: one fourth planted in the same circle where n was to be part of the enclosure. The other portion that is spilled today inside, was in his fall, broken roughly two-thirds of its leng

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    Re: Baignon dolmens by TheCaptain on Wednesday, 14 March 2012
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    Ahhh, this is the stuff! Burning of victims on sacrificial altars. Great stuff.
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