<< Our Photo Pages >> Gallowsclough Cob - Round Barrow(s) in England in Cheshire

Submitted by vicky on Tuesday, 23 July 2002  Page Views: 16172

Neolithic and Bronze AgeSite Name: Gallowsclough Cob Alternative Name: Garruslow
Country: England County: Cheshire Type: Round Barrow(s)
Nearest Town: Northwich  Nearest Village: Cuddington
Map Ref: SJ570713  Landranger Map Number: 117
Latitude: 53.236979N  Longitude: 2.645712W
Condition:
5Perfect
4Almost Perfect
3Reasonable but with some damage
2Ruined but still recognisable as an ancient site
1Pretty much destroyed, possibly visible as crop marks
0No data.
-1Completely destroyed
1 Ambience:
5Superb
4Good
3Ordinary
2Not Good
1Awful
0No data.
no data Access:
5Can be driven to, probably with disabled access
4Short walk on a footpath
3Requiring a bit more of a walk
2A long walk
1In the middle of nowhere, a nightmare to find
0No data.
no data Accuracy:
5co-ordinates taken by GPS or official recorded co-ordinates
4co-ordinates scaled from a detailed map
3co-ordinates scaled from a bad map
2co-ordinates of the nearest village
1co-ordinates of the nearest town
0no data
3

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Gallowsclough Cob
Gallowsclough Cob submitted by vicky : This very slight hump was once the site of an interesting barrow known as Gallowsclough Cob. See the main site entry for details. (Vote or comment on this photo)
Round Barrow in Cheshire

One of the best-recorded excavations in the Central Ridge area is that of the scheduled tumulus of Gallowsclough, built on the salmon-pink sand on a hilltop contour. This mound lies close to a hedge on Gallowsclough Lane, to the north of the Chester to Northwich road, opposite a break in the Mid Cheshire Ridge known as the Mouldsworth gap. The gravels and sands of this central ridge were undoubtedly the largest area of open land in prehistoric Cheshire.

Excavations were carried out during two weeks in August 1960 by James Forde-Johnston, who was later to investigate the barrow in the grounds of Sutton Hall near Macclesfield. The main barrow mound was found to be composed of layers of brown sandy soil of varying shades, defined within a circular bank or kerb of sand. Under this lay a clay cap or dome composed of a yellow sandy mass with patches of red clay. Below was a further layer of whitish sand, the last few feet of which had turned grey. Next came another dome of yellow clay covering a mass of ashy dark grey sand with considerable amounts of charcoal and patches of bright red and orange sandy clay.

Finally excavations revealed a roughly circular pit, approximately one foot in diameter, containing a cremation. No urn accompanied these remains, they were merely placed in a shallow scoop in the ground. Many of the bones were deeply embedded in the dark grey ashy material forming the sides of the pit. There was also a great deal of charcoal on the old ground surface and around the clay cap, indicating that the barrow may have been constructed on the actual site of the cremation. The main burial is unusual in that it is not placed in the centre as was normally the case. It is in fact 7ft south-south-west of the true centre as defined by the kerb. Could it be that the centre was reserved for ritual or was it simply because of the local topography?

As for the covering mound, the appearance of turf suggests that it was not made by digging soil out of a ditch as at some other sites, but from scraping the surface of the surrounding area. Other bones, almost certainly from secondary burials, were found elsewhere in the mound. Further remains may originally have been located in the upper portion of the barrow which have since been ploughed and dispersed elsewhere. The bones of the main burial were those of an adult male (over 21 years of age) who had a full set of teeth at the time of death, was about 5ft 5in in height and was probably right handed. He was quite muscular but not heavily built. The second burial was also that of an adult but the fragments were insufficient in quantity to determine age and sex.

References



Cheshire County Sites and Monuments Record

D.M.Longley “Prehistory” in C.R.Elrington (ed) “The Victoria History of the County of Chester, volume 1, Oxford University Press (1987)

J. Forde-Johnston. “The excavation of a round barrow at Gallowsclough Hill, Delamere Forest, Cheshire”, TLCAS, volume 70 (1960)
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Nearby Images from Geograph Britain and Ireland:
SJ5671 : Gallowsclough Lane by Colin Pyle
by Colin Pyle
©2012(licence)
SJ5671 : Blocked footpath near Hart Hill, Delamere by Jeff Buck
by Jeff Buck
©2012(licence)
SJ5671 : Autumn colours on Gallowsclough Lane, Norley by Colin Park
by Colin Park
©2011(licence)
SJ5671 : Gate on the Delamere Way by John H Darch
by John H Darch
©2022(licence)
SJ5671 : Track near Harthill Bank by Jeff Buck
by Jeff Buck
©2012(licence)

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