<< Our Photo Pages >> Calçoene Stone Circle - Stone Circle in Brazil

Submitted by Andy B on Wednesday, 03 February 2010  Page Views: 17847

Neolithic and Bronze AgeSite Name: Calçoene Stone Circle Alternative Name: 'Brazilian Stonehenge', 'Amazon Stonehenge', AP-CA-18
Country: Brazil
NOTE: This site is 209.221 km away from the location you searched for.

Type: Stone Circle
Nearest Town: Macapá  Nearest Village: Calçoene
Latitude: 2.497778N  Longitude: 50.948889W
Condition:
5Perfect
4Almost Perfect
3Reasonable but with some damage
2Ruined but still recognisable as an ancient site
1Pretty much destroyed, possibly visible as crop marks
0No data.
-1Completely destroyed
4 Ambience:
5Superb
4Good
3Ordinary
2Not Good
1Awful
0No data.
no data Access:
5Can be driven to, probably with disabled access
4Short walk on a footpath
3Requiring a bit more of a walk
2A long walk
1In the middle of nowhere, a nightmare to find
0No data.
no data Accuracy:
5co-ordinates taken by GPS or official recorded co-ordinates
4co-ordinates scaled from a detailed map
3co-ordinates scaled from a bad map
2co-ordinates of the nearest village
1co-ordinates of the nearest town
0no data
2

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Calçoene Stone Circle
Calçoene Stone Circle submitted by Andy B : Image courtesy Academy For Future Science, Brazil (Vote or comment on this photo)
Stone Circle in Amapá, Brazil. A grouping of granite blocks along a grassy Amazon hilltop may be the vestiges of a centuries-old astronomical observatory - a find that archaeologists say shows early rainforest inhabitants were more sophisticated than previously believed. The 127 blocks, some as high as 9 feet (2.75 meters) tall, are spaced at regular intervals around the hill, like a crown 100 feet (30 meters) in diameter.

On the shortest day of the year — Dec. 21 — the shadow of one of the blocks disappears when the sun is directly above it.

"It is this block's alignment with the winter solstice that leads us to believe the site was once an astronomical observatory," said Mariana Petry Cabral, an archaeologist at the Amapa State Scientific and Technical Research Institute. "We may be also looking at the remnants of a sophisticated culture."

Anthropologists have long known that local indigenous populations were acute observers of the stars and sun. But the discovery of a physical structure that appears to incorporate this knowledge suggests pre-Columbian Indians in the Amazon rainforest may have been more sophisticated than previously suspected.

Read More at MSNBC and see also Mongabay for more information and photos.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Location is approximate

Note: A four year old story but one we missed at the time, an intriguing site
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Calçoene Stone Circle
Calçoene Stone Circle submitted by Andy B : Image courtesy Academy For Future Science, Brazil (Vote or comment on this photo)

Calçoene Stone Circle
Calçoene Stone Circle submitted by Andy B (Vote or comment on this photo)

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"Calçoene Stone Circle" | Login/Create an Account | 2 News and Comments
  
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Re: Calçoene Stone Circle by Andy B on Thursday, 20 April 2017
(User Info | Send a Message)
A ‘Stonehenge,’ [groan] and a Mystery, in the Amazon (Dec 2016)

As the foreman for a cattle ranch in the far reaches of the Brazilian Amazon, Lailson Camelo da Silva was razing trees to convert rain forest into pasture when he stumbled across a bizarre arrangement of towering granite blocks.

“I had no idea that I was discovering the Amazon’s own Stonehenge,” said Mr. da Silva, 65, on a scorching October day as he gazed at the archaeological site located just north of the Equator. “It makes me wonder: What other secrets about our past are still hidden in Brazil’s jungles?”

After conducting radiocarbon testing and carrying out measurements during the winter solstice, scholars in the field of archaeoastronomy determined that an indigenous culture arranged the megaliths into an astronomical observatory about 1,000 years ago, or five centuries before the European conquest of the Americas began.

Their findings, along with other archaeological discoveries in Brazil in recent years — including giant land carvings, remains of fortified settlements and even complex road networks — are upending earlier views of archaeologists who argued that the Amazon had been relatively untouched by humans except for small, nomadic tribes.

Instead, some scholars now assert that the world’s largest tropical rain forest was far less “Edenic” than previously imagined, and that the Amazon supported a population of as many as 10 million people before the epidemics and large-scale slaughter put into motion by European colonizers.

More in the New York Times
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/14/world/americas/brazil-amazon-megaliths-stonehenge.html?_r=0
[ Reply to This ]
    Re: Calçoene Stone Circle by davidmorgan on Friday, 21 April 2017
    (User Info | Send a Message)
    "Occasional finds from earlier years and reconnaissance works since 2005 have brought to our knowledge numerous diverse and interesting archaeological monuments in this part of Amapá.

    "Until late 2005 here have been found 20 megalithic structures, 8 burial caves as well as sites of ancient villages (some on artificial mounds), burials and votive deposits of ceramics at hilltops - in total 55 archaeological sites."

    "Here should be noted that not all are convinced that AP-CA-18 has something in common with archaeoastronomy. After all - 127 blocks of granite may have lots of interesting coincidences created without intent."
    http://www.wondermondo.com.

    Just 1 stone out of so many sites seems to be an archaeoastronomical stretch of the imagination.
    [ Reply to This ]

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